Gen­dered migra­tion is a cru­cial issue both in Europe and in Latin Amer­ica which will be ana­lyzed with the inter­sec­tional approach: gender-​class-​ethnicity (Lagarde, M. 2003).

The com­par­i­son between dif­fer­ent con­texts will high­light the his­tor­i­cal dimen­sion of women’s cit­i­zen­ship processes. This per­spec­tive allows a bet­ter under­stand­ing of trans­for­ma­tions and the achieve­ment of rights by women, a com­pre­hen­sion of the con­di­tions that make their expe­ri­ences sub­or­di­nated, the way in which all this turns into some­thing real in their bod­ies and in their sub­jec­tiv­i­ties. The his­tor­i­cal dimen­sion enlight­ens the tra­jec­tory of ele­men­tal struc­tures of gen­der vio­lence, its forms, its impli­ca­tions and its inter­ven­tions in women’s every­day life. At the same time, it allows the recog­ni­tion of the effects that edu­ca­tion has on women and their role on social repro­duc­tion. About migra­tory processes, it is vital to take into account the time dimen­sion. By quot­ing Saskia Sassen “women and immi­grants emerge as the sys­temic equiv­a­lent of the pro­le­tar­ian off­shore” (Sassen, Saskia, 2003: 117).